In the course of the formation of the current electoral organisations in Colombia, we could emphasise particular moments and elements that are significant in the history of systems responsible for electoral issues. These moments are characterised by either a complete or partial organic or hierarchical independence. Nevertheless, embryonic forms of organisation are slowly being created in the order of departments; those which have the capacity to appoint and control those responsible for the municipalities. This required a structure endowed with a more extensive and hierarchical, but less atomized, formation. It is important to indicate that before 1991, one was clamouring for a re-organised electorate. Within this political dynamic, one can emphasise the document completed by the Commission of studies into the violence in line with Barco´s Government. The said Commission proposed ´the establishment of an independent sector of the government electorate, responsible for organising electoral debates and for consultation of a manner both impartial and technical, by means of the functions of a disciplined power, where the whole of the State Civil Servants are concerned.´ (Capel, 30:32) The objective of this article is to illustrate the importance of the Electoral Organisation of Colombia in constructing and consolidating a democracy. To correspond to this objective, this article if divided into four parts. The first is concerned with what the Electoral Organisation of Colombia is, in which it is related to in terms of structure, form and integration, duties, capabilities and their significance, together with its responsibility and range. The second part analyses its condition and nationality, in which autonomy, independence, permanence and principles are worked with. The third part deals with the document of the Electoral Organisation and of democratic consolidation. On this matter, political education, the security of the Electoral Register and identification is covered. The concluding part presents some final considerations.
En el proceso de formación de los actuales órganos electorales en Colombia, podríamos destacar momentos y elementos muy significativos en la historia de los aparatos encargados de los asuntos electorales; estos momentos se caracterizaron por una completa o parcial independencia orgánica y jerárquica. Sin embargo, lentamente se fueron creando formas embrionarias de organización en el orden departamental con la capacidad de nombrar y controlar a los encargados en los municipios, lo cual exigía dotarse de una estructura más amplia, jerarquizada y menos atomizada.